3 edition of Chemical control of plant nematodes found in the catalog.
Chemical control of plant nematodes
J. E. Peachey
|Statement||by J. E. Peachey and S. W. Ahsan.|
|Contributions||Ahsan, S. W.|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||14|
In some cases plant-based remedies are the only control option. For example, chemical soil sterilants are no longer available. Instead, mildly toxic compounds released by certain brassica crops, such as mustard 'Caliente' are worked into the soil. These biofumigant materials can reduce some soil pests such as nematodes. Plant-parasitic nematodes are microscopically small animals that cause global annual crop losses of at least 80 billion dollars ([Nicol et al., ]). The evolution of nematodes into plant parasites occurred several times, resulting in diverse interaction modes with the plant ([Smant et al.,Cited by:
Plant disease, an impairment of the normal state of a plant that interrrupts or modifies its vital functions. Plant diseases can be classified as infectious or noninfectious, depending on the causative agent. Learn more about the importance, transmission, diagnosis, and control of plant . This is the chemical that gives mustard its hot flavour and it's that chemical that fumigates the soil and helps control nematodes. But the Root Knot Nematode is a plant parasite.
There are no post-plant chemical control options, so infested plants should be removed from the garden and destroyed. To reduce the spread of foliar nematodes, try to minimize leaf to leaf contact of susceptible plant species like Anemone and Hosta and reduce overhead irrigation which can spread the nematodes in splashing water. Using Plants for Nematode Control Nematodes are tiny round worms that commonly live in soil, and many of them attack garden plants. These pests can damage the roots of numerous edible and ornamental plants, so many gardeners have looked for ways to control them.
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Genre/Form: Bibliography: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Peachey, J.E. (John Edwin). Chemical control of plant nematodes. Farnham Royal (Bucks. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Good, J.M. Chemical control of plant-parasitic nematodes. Washington, D.C.: Agricultural Research Service, U.S.
Dept. Chemical control of nematodes. This chapter covers the history and development of nematicides; active substances in fumigant and non-fumigant nematicides; formulation and application of liquid formulations, microgranules and fumigants; nematicide degradation; effects of nematicides on nontarget organisms and contamination of groundwater; methyl bromide toxicity and alternative nematicides.
Book chapter: Plant nematology see more details, chemical control chemical control Subject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment see more details, plant parasitic nematodes plant parasitic nematodes Subject Category: Organism GroupsCited by: The emphasis of this volume is on plant parasites and insights gained through research on other nematodes.
In particular, the book explains the anatomical, developmental, behavioral, and genetic studies on the free-living nematode Cenorhabditis elegans, which is a widely used laboratory model for examining various biological Edition: 1.
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The emphasis of this volume is on plant parasites and insights gained through research on other nematodes. In particular, the book explains the anatomical, developmental, behavioral, and genetic studies on the free-living nematode Cenorhabditis elegans, which is a widely used laboratory model for examining various biological problems.
Six general-purpose fumigants and one fungicide were applied by different methods and evaluated for control of nematode-fungus complexes on cabbage grown for transplant production.
All chemicals reduced populations of nematodes and soil-borne fungi but varied greatly in by: 5. The current volume focuses on a number of areas that are of importance in the area of plant parasitic nematode soil ecology, based on the multitrophic interactions between plant, nematodes and natural enemies, and also host parasite interactions, plant – nematode, nematode – natural enemy, that can now be dissected at the molecular level.
Chemical control of nematodes. The demand. The elimination of nematodes from some crops is essential for certain export requirements, particularly of high-value horticultural products.
Chemical treatment with fumigants or nematicides may be the only technique available, and from the plant quarantine standpoint it is important that their use is retained.
Soil fumigants alone or in combination with non-fumigant nematicides can provide vegetable growers effective and reliable control of plant-parasitic nematodes, profitable yield and product quality, and increased profits. Treating soil with fumigant nematicides has been very beneficial to vegetable growers in Georgia, but environmental concerns may restrict the broad usage of these products.
The current methods on controlling herbivorous insects and plant parasitic nematodes are mostly depended on agro-chemicals that have resulted additional side-effect including occurrence of.
Other common garden vegetables grown during mid- to late summer, such as tomato, pepper, cucumber, squash, eggplant, and okra also are highly susceptible to root-knot nematode. Plants growing in nematode-infested soils usually are unthrifty. In the past 20 years three developments have occurred which have had significant effects on the prospects and opportunities for the biological control of plant-parasitic nematodes.
First, several nematicides have been withdrawn from the market because of health and environmental problems associated with their production and use (Thomason, ). Here we show that the ascaroside ascr#18, a pheromone secreted by plant-parasitic nematodes, is metabolized by plants to generate chemical signals that repel nematodes Cited by: 3.
Some nematodes are beneficial, controlling grubs and other insects in the soil. Other nematodes are harmful to plants, burrowing into roots and making their way up the stems and leaves.
Nematodes are a breed of unsegmented roundworms which frequently cause problems in vegetable gardens. While many types of nematodes are beneficial to the soil, plant-parasite nematodes will attack and destroy plant roots, effectively killing the whole plant.
The pests cannot be 62%(26). Control measures. Control measures for nematodes often include rotation with nonhost plants, growing of resistant varieties and species, use of certified, nematode-free nursery stock, and use of soil fumigants (nematicides) as preplanting or postplanting treatments.
This handbook is intended as a tool for making decisions regarding the control and management of important insect pests in the Pacific Northwest.
Originally, it was written for commercial growers, county extension agents, consultants, field and nursery staff, and chemical industry representatives.
The Biology of Nematodes synthesizes knowledge of the biology of free-living, plant-parasitic, and animal-parasitic nematodes.
Contributed works by recognized researchers apply groundbreaking molecular techniques, many of which resulted from work on Caenorhabditis elegans, toward new approaches to the study of nematode by:. Cultural Control – If necessary, prune off the most heavily infested (damaged) plants or plant parts, double bag any plant material that you dispose of before moving it off your property place.
Place the double bagged material in the garbage. DO NOT move infested plants or plant material as it facilitates spread of this pest to unaffected Size: KB.The book is organized into seven parts encompassing 31 chapters that cover the biological control of arthropods, weeds, plant pathogens, and nematodes.
After briefly discussing the status and issues of biological control in IPM, the book deals with the basic principles of IPM programs and their related costs, risks, and benefits in biological.NC State Extension Master Gardener Program Guidelines nematodes, viruses, and parasitic plants are discussed.
Strategies are reviewed for managing diseases using an integrated pest management approach. insect control, chemical weed control, plant growth regulators, animal damage control and disease control.